Based in Dublin, Ireland

Founding date:


Press / Business contact:
andrew@breadandcircus.ie / +00 (1) 626 6240427 (LA)



First Floor
Social Innovation Hub, Ballymun Civic Centre
Ballymun, Dublin 11, Ireland

+00 (353) 83 3470215



Press Release

The 4th Act tells the story of the €1bn regeneration of Ballymun, a high-rise working-class community on the northside of Dublin, through the eyes of the community itself. A Bread & Circus film funded by the Irish Film Board and the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, The 4th Act has been in production in Ballymun for over three years. Drawing on hundreds of hours of local and personal archive collated by Ballymun groups over the past four decades, the film explores themes of loss, community, hope and defiance as the residents of Ballymun watch their familiar landscape and way of living disappear. An innovative synthesis of archive and contemporary voices, the film features interviews with key policy-makers and planners in Dublin, Ireland and beyond, revealing the role ideology and politics played in the drastic transformation of 20,000 lives. Other contributors include international artists commissioned to produce works of exemplary value to the people of Ballymun, behavioural specialists hired by the local authority, and veteran community activists who saw a vibrant ecosystem of local organisations wither and vanish. As part of the production, a large-scale 1:16 model of pre-regeneration Ballymun – complete with its iconic tower blocks, spine block, shopping centre and boiler house - was constructed in the town’s abandoned supermarket, in collaboration with the local community. This model was then opened to the public for three days in January, functioning as a touchstone for memory, nostalgia and regret. The film also features the story of an abortive oral history project – halted by the regeneration company in controversial circumstances after it presented its draft manuscript. Throughout, evocative archive footage shows Ballymun’s iconic high-rise landscape as a space of togetherness, hope, anguish and despair. The film explores the use of Ballymun by the Irish film and TV industry as a visual metaphor for working-class alienation and drug-abusing nihilism and examines the consequences such depictions had for the community’s perception of itself. The 4th Act climaxes with the harrowing experience of the very last resident of Ballymun’s tower blocks, as the local authority seeks to remove her from her home of twenty years. Her plight becomes an apt metaphor for a community turned on its head – for the second time in a generation - by the whims of planners and politicians.

About Bread&Circus

Bread&Circus is a Dublin based film production company. Formed out of the art-film collective Dogmedia B&C's first film was the ambitious transmedia project Shamrocracy (IRL/UK/HU) derived from over 120 hours of material and shot over a four year period during the Irish financial crisis. It premiered at The Galway Film Fleadh where it was described as a ‘jaw-dropping satire on Irish politics.’ Most recently B&C completed a feature documentary on the largest regeneration project in Europe; The 4th Act. Bread&Circus is currently developing a slate of international co-productions in the U.S. and Europe.








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Awards & Recognition

  • "Official Selection" - ADIFF, Dublin, 2017

Selected Articles

  • "'Ballymun’s turbulent past is brought vividly to life through extensive amateur footage.'"
    - Gráinne Humphreys, Festival Director, Website
  • "The Regeneration Game."
    - Tomás Lynch, http://www.rabble.ie
  • "“The 4th Act” and the Struggle over the Story of Ballymun"
    - Lois Kapila, http://www.dublininquirer.com/

A link to the full OST for the film soundcloud.com.

Team & Repeating Collaborator

Turlough Kelly

Andrew Keogh

presskit() by Rami Ismail (Vlambeer) - also thanks to these fine folks